The Asian population in the United States is expected to increase in the next 50 years. Concurrently, there is an overall rise in the incidence of melanoma. It is therefore crucial to obtain a better understanding of this deadly skin cancer in this minority population, as little information is currently available and prognosis remains poor. Through a review of the literature, this paper explores melanoma in the Asian population, including the most common subtype encountered, prognosis, theories on pathogenesis, and molecular biology.
The rates vary widely among this population, mostly because of significant differences in exposure to cancer risk factors. The report estimates there will be 57, new cancer cases and 16, cancer deaths among Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders in Among men, the 3 leading causes of cancer death are lung , liver , and colorectal. Among women, they are lung, breast , and colorectal. The most commonly diagnosed cancers among men are prostate , lung, and colorectal. Among women, the most commonly diagnosed cancers are breast, thyroid , and lung. For liver cancer, rates in Laotian and Vietnamese men are 2 to 4 times higher than those in Chinese, Korean, and Filipino men and almost 10 times higher than Asian Indian and Pakistani men, who have the lowest rates.
Since the s, basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma among the Caucasian population have increased 3 to 8 percent annually. Although Asians display relative protection from basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, incidence rates of these nonmelanoma skin cancers have been increasing over the past three decades. With changing demographics and a steady rise in the minority population in the United States, there is an increased need for further studies of cutaneous malignancies within Asian and other ethnic populations.
Skin cancer is a cancer that occurs in the cells or tissue of the skin. Skin of any part of the body can be affected by skin cancer and it may spread to other nearby organs in advanced stages. Skin cancer is typically one of two types: keratinocyte cancer or melanoma.