It lies east of the Indian subcontinent and south of China and is bordered by the Indian Ocean to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east. The term Indochina originally Indo-China was coined in the early nineteenth century. It emphasizes the cultural influence on the area of Indian civilization and Chinese civilization. The term was later adopted as the name of the colony of French Indochina today's Cambodia, Vietnam, and Laos. The origins of the name Indo-China are usually attributed jointly to the Danish-French geographer Conrad Malte-Brun , who referred to the area as indo-chinois in , and the Scottish linguist John Leyden , who used the term Indo-Chinese to describe the area's inhabitants and their languages in
Political Map of Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam - Atlapedia® Online
Located at the heart of the Indochinese peninsula , Laos is bordered by Myanmar Burma and China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the southeast, and Thailand to the west and southwest. In , it became a French protectorate , with the three territories uniting to form what is now known as the country of Laos. It briefly gained independence in after Japanese occupation , but was recolonised by France until it won autonomy in Laos became independent in , with a constitutional monarchy under Sisavang Vong. Shortly after independence, a long civil war began, which saw the communist resistance , supported by the Soviet Union , fight against, first, the monarchy and then a number of military dictatorships, supported by the United States. After the Vietnam War ended in , the Communist Pathet Lao movement came to power, seeing the end to the civil war. During the first years of Communist rule, Laos was dependent on military and economic aid supported by the Soviet Union until its dissolution in
Indochina: Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam. Regional Characteristics. Demographic Analysis based on Population Data Sheet
Southeast Asia , vast region of Asia situated east of the Indian subcontinent and south of China. It consists of two dissimilar portions: a continental projection commonly called mainland Southeast Asia and a string of archipelagoes to the south and east of the mainland insular Southeast Asia. Extending some miles 1, kilometres southward from the mainland into insular Southeast Asia is the Malay Peninsula; this peninsula structurally is part of the mainland, but it also shares many ecological and cultural affinities with the surrounding islands and thus functions as a bridge between the two regions. Mainland Southeast Asia is divided into the countries of Cambodia , Laos , Myanmar Burma , Thailand , Vietnam , and the small city-state of Singapore at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula; Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam, which occupy the eastern portion of the mainland, often are collectively called the Indochinese Peninsula. Malaysia is both mainland and insular, with a western portion on the Malay Peninsula and an eastern part on the island of Borneo.