Jump to navigation. This review has been conducted to assess the effects of different interventions for the treatment of a particular type of cyst that occurs mainly in the lower jawbone, called a keratocystic odontogenic tumour KCOT. KCOTs are non-cancerous but fast-growing cysts closed sacs containing either fluid or air that occur mainly in the lower jawbone. They develop from the remains of a tissue associated with tooth development called the dental lamina. They are quite rare and can occur at any age. One of the main problems in treating KCOTs is that if they are removed by surgery, they tend to recur. New cysts may form from any cyst lining that remains after surgery.
Oral and maxillofacial surgeons at UCSF Medical Center evaluate, diagnose and treat the full spectrum of cysts and tumors in and around the jaw and structures of the teeth. These include benign tumors and cysts, which are non-cancerous; those that are aggressive and growing, with the potential to become cancerous; and tumors that are malignant, meaning that they are cancerous. Our oral and maxillofacial surgeons also treat oral cancer , severe infections of the oral cavity, salivary glands, jaw and neck. Because the mouth and jaws are composed of many different types of tissues, such as bone, muscle, glands and mucosa the tissue that covers the cheeks, lips and gums , they are more susceptible to developing abnormal growths than other parts of the body.
What is the best treatment for a type of jaw bone cyst called a 'keratocystic odontogenic tumour'?
An epidermoid cyst is a benign cyst usually found on the skin. Bone cysts are very rare and if they appear in bone they usually appear in the distal phalanges of the fingers. Epidermoid cysts of the jaws are uncommon.
A cyst is a pathological epithelial lined cavity that fills with fluid or soft material and usually grows from internal pressure generated by fluid being drawn into the cavity from osmosis hydrostatic pressure. The bones of the jaws, the mandible and maxilla , are the bones with the highest prevalence of cysts in the human body. This is due to the abundant amount of epithelial remnants that can be left in the bones of the jaws. The enamel of teeth is formed from ectoderm the precursor germ layer to skin and mucosa , and so remnants of epithelium can be left in the bone during odontogenesis tooth development.